The focal requirements and self-management agreements came into effect for 11 SGYFNs on the following dates: implementation plans specify the activities, timelines and resources agreed upon to implement self-management agreements. Yukon self-government agreements are written in a way that recognizes that NWMS may not want to assume responsibility for a full range of programs and services related to their authority as soon as they are self-administered. Self-management agreements are structured so that responsibility for program design and implementation can be assumed immediately in some areas, while responsibility for others can be assumed over time based on the requirements, capabilities and priorities of the NWSM. Seven other Yukon First Nations would sign their final, self-governing agreements in the coming years, and three have yet to reach an agreement with the federal and territorial governments. In total, under the Umbrella Final Agreement (UFU), 41,595 km2 of settlement land in the Yukon was distributed among the 14 Yukon First Nations. The colonizing country occupies about 8.5 per cent of the total Yukon area. With the entry into force of a final agreement, the First Autonomous Yukon Nation (SGYFN) becomes the rightful owner of its country of settlement. Program and Service Transfer Agreements (ASAs) allow self-governing Yukon First Nations to assume responsibility for federal or territorial programming areas under the NWSS`s legislative research authority. TSPs are based on negotiations on the transfer of programs, responsibilities and resources. When an NWSP assumes responsibility for a program or service through a PSTA, other governments are no longer accountable to the citizens of that First Nation for the provision of programs or services as part of the responsibility entrusted. For example, responsibility for INAC programs and services in the areas of health, social services and housing has been transferred from the Canadian government to First Nations through a TSP. Robert Bruce, Jr., former chief of the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation: “I thought we were going to move away from Indian affairs to have our own autonomy, as our elders have done in the past – and that`s what I was thinking about. So that was the key for me.
Paul Birckel: “The agreement was not only for the First Nation, but also for people from across the economy. Because all of our boards and committees have been put in place, none of our First Nations or whites have had a say in what is happening in government. Paul Birckel: “I think the only problem we have is that our government`s interpretation of the agreements may not be what we agreed at the table. So I think some of these things probably still need to be fixed. The agreements reached to date have brought many positive changes to the Yukon. Full implementation of self-administration will take some time; All parties continue to work together to ensure that implementation efforts take full advantage of the agreements. The process is complex and the negotiation of interconnected agreements, such as service transfer programs and agreements and the management of judicial agreements, is underway. On May 29, 1993, the Government of Canada, the Yukon government and the Yukon Indian Council – now the Yukon Council of First Nations – signed a final umbrella agreement (UFA). The UFA forms the basis for the negotiation of the final agreement of each first nation.